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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.2., From A.D. 1180 To A.D. 1201.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.2., From A.D. 1180 To A.D. 1201.
page 264

A.D. 1191. JTOISDICTION OF THE AECHBISHOP OF TOLEDO. 263 of Africa, (who in. the previous year had entered the territory of the king of Portugal with a large army, and had taken a castle called Torrenova, and laid siege to a castle called Thomar, and abandoned them both to the Christians, through fear of the pilgrims who had come in the fleet of the king of England, and who, taking to flight, had pretended that he was dead, as already mentioned,'2) after all the fleet of the king of England had passed by, assembled a large army, and again entered the territories of the king of Portugal, and took by storm the city of Sylves, and Alcaz, and Almada, and Palmella, and laid waste the territory of the Christians. The king of Portugal, however, was unable to make head against his forces, and Boyae El Emir Amimoli gave the before-named cities which he had taken, to his brother, the king of Cordres, or Corduba. • It is worthy of remark, that in the territories of the king of Navarre there is only one episcopal city, the name of which is Pampeluna ; but there are many castles in this territory ; one of which is Tudela, situate on the river Ebro, another is called L'Estella, and there are many others besides. In the territories of the king of Castille there is only one archiépiscopal city, the name of which is Tulette,'3 and which lies on the river Tagus, and has the primacy of Spain ; in the same state there is also an episcopal city, the bishop of which is called the bishop of Muscerause, that is to say, Suriens.74 In the same city there is a mountain from which every day there are taken more than a hundred camel loads [of earth], and yet it never decreases ; for although a cavern of very great depth is thereby made, still by the next day it is filled up if rain had fallen upon it. The earth that is taken thence is carried throughout the adjoining provinces, and is sold for the purpose of washing the hands and clothes of men, both Christians and pagans. The archbishop of Toledo has under him eleven suffragan bishops; namely, the bishop of Muscerause, the bishop of Alarehas, which is near Cordres, or Corduba, the bishop of Plazencia, the bishop of Trugel,75 the bishop of Avila, the bishop of Segovia, the bishop of Alarghes, the bishop of Siguenza, the bishop of Soyra, the bishop of Osma, the bishop of Palencia, and the bishop of Bursa. In the kingdom also of n 73 74 See p. 148. Toledo. It does not appear what place is meant, but it may possibly be Servienza. The text here is very defective. ,s Perhaps Teruel.

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