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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.2., From A.D. 1180 To A.D. 1201.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.2., From A.D. 1180 To A.D. 1201.
page 200

A.D. 1191. TUSCTJtAJÎTXM DESTROYED. 199 bring this 'war with the Romans to a conclusion ; although the Romans, posting themselves in ambush, took nearly the greater portion of the people of Tusculanum prisoners, outside of their fortifications, and slew them with various pains and tortures. For some of those whom they took prisoners they put to death at once, while others, first deprived of their feet, others with their eyes put out, and others with their hands cut off and hung from their necks, they sent back home : yet all these evils they most resolutely affirmed they would endure, in preference to being subjected to the severity of the Romans. After the death of Clement, when the lord Jacinto, the cardinal priest of Saint Mary in Cosmedim, afterwards called Celestinus, was elected Supreme Pontiff in his stead, and Henry, the then king, was hastening to Rome, having been invited by pope Clement for that purpose, to receive the crown of the empire, the Romans, before the said king had arrived at the city, entreated the lord Celestinus, before he anointed the said king emperor, to prevail upon him to restore to them the city of Tusculanum, which was under his control ; (for its people had betaken themselves to him, and had entreated his protection, from the time that the above-named Clement had, as already mentioned, left them to the mercy of the Romans). They asserted to the said pope, with the greatest energy, that this was the method by which Tusculanum would fall again into their hands, and that he was bound by the compact already mentioned so to do; and this was accordingly conceded to them. Upon this, envoys from our lord the pope were sent to the king, and most strongly urged him that, as the treaty beforementioned had been made relative to Tusculanum between the Supreme Pontiff and the Romans, necessity consequently demanded that Tusculanum should be given up to our lord the pope. Upon the king finding this to be the case, and perceiving that, otherwise, great difficulties might easily be thrown in the way of his coronation, he freely granted the request of our lord the pope as to the delivery up to him of Tusculanum ; and, accordingly, the king having been crowned emperor, on the following day Tusculanum was delivered by the said emperor to our lord the pope, and, on the third day after, was, by the said pope and the citizens of Rome, levelled with the ground ; so much so) that not one stone remained standing upon another.

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