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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.2., From A.D. 1180 To A.D. 1201.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.2., From A.D. 1180 To A.D. 1201.
page 199

senting that a most strict treaty of peace ought again to be entered into between them. For a dispute had arisen with reference to Tusculanum, which is a city that belongs to our lord the pope, about ten miles distant from Rome, and which the Romans were attacking incessantly in war, that they might render it subject to themselves. By means, also, of these conflicts that took place between Rome and Tusculanum, more than five thousand Romans had in one day fallen by the sword, and, from the time of pope Alexander to that of the said Clement, these disputes had lasted between the Church and the Bomans. The envoys, on coming to the city, entreated the Romans, like affectionate sons, to turn their hearts to their spiritual father, and most dutifully make it their care to receive him, on his return to them, as a kind father, and represented that it was befitting that they should be, as it were, but one for the future. To this the Romans made answer, to the following effect : " This, inasmuch as it is holy and becoming, with ardent desire we greatly wish to be done, without any delay whatever, even more than our lord and father does, and like true and humble sons ; but still, only on condition that, equally with ourselves, he shall wish reparation to be made for our losses, and our injuries and affronts to be avenged, which, in consequence of the war with Tusculanum, we have in the times of our fathers endured, and do still endure ; and shall be ready, if there shaB be necessity for so doing, to send his soldiers at his own expense, if peace cannot be made between us on terms honorable to this city, for the subjection of Tusculanum ; an agreement being entered into in writing for a yearly tribute to be paid by Tusculanum to our city. He must also promise that, in case there is a refusal on their part to make peace with us on the terms before-mentioned, if at any future time he shaU be able to get Tusculanum into his power, he wiB be ready to give it up to us, for the purpose of our wishes already expressed being comphed with." Accordingly, on these and some other liberties .being at length conceded by that said pope Clement to the Romans, the said Clement came to the city, of which he was a native ; and as the lord Clement did not find himself able, in conformity with the above-stated request made by the Romans, to render Tusculanum subject to them, he made severe attacks upon that place, exposing it to the assaults of the Romans. Yet, although he enjoyed the papacy for nearly four years, he was unable to

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