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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 149

prince who will ever be remembered aa a great but unfortunate patriot. Wales being now completely subjected, it was by parliament inseparably united to the crown of England ; and that the intractable Cambrians might view their conqueror as the protector of their rights, Edward permitted them to retain their lands, subject to the same services by which they had been held of their native princes. At the same time, to curb their roving propensities, and restrain their habits of barbarism, violence, and bloodshed, he divided the country into shires and hundreds, introduced the jurisprudence of the English courts, issued new forms of writs, adapted to the manners and customs of the natives; established corporate bodies of merchants in the principal towns, and instituted many other wise regulations. At the commencement of 1284, Edward conducted his Queen to his newlybuilt castle of Caernarvon, an impregnable fortress he had just completed, to overawe the fierce inhabitants of Snowdon. The abode of Eleanora in this stronghold was a dark apartment, about twelve feet long by eight feet broad, built in the wall of the Eagle Tower. It was iu this dismal den, high up from the ground, without fire-place or other comforts, save some rudely wrought tapestry hung around on tenter hooks, that the faithful Queen wras delivered of her son, Edward, on St. Mark's Day, being the twenty-fifth of April, 1284. The King was at Ithuddlan Castle, arranging state matters, when Griffith Lloyd, a Wclchman, brought him word that the Queen had made him. father of a fine healthy boy. This pleasing news so elated him, that ho knighted the Welchman on the spot, and afterwards conferred on him some valuable estates, Edward next hastened to his Queen and infant at Caernarvon, where, a few days afterwards, the nobility of Wales came to implore him to appoint them a prince who was born in their own country, and could speak their native tongue, "for," said they, "we neither understand Saxon nor French." " True," answered Edward, " you plead justly, and I will select you a prince who cannot speak a word of the tongues that are foreign to you." " Thanks, mv lord paramount," rejoined the spokesman of the Welch Magnates, "and if his character is neither base nor weak, we will cheerfully accept and obey him." Upon this, the King fetched his infant son, and holding him in his arms, exclaimed,—" Cambrians ! behold your Prince ! pure in character, comely in person, a native of your own mountain land, and, if you desire it, the first words lisped by bis infant tongue shall be Welch." As their conqueror uttered this harangue, an expression of angry disappointment darkened the features of the fierce mountaineers ; but submission being their only alternative, they quickly dispelled the gloom from their brows, and with all possible grace swore fealty to the baby boy, Edward, who was several years afterwards, with their joyous consent, created by his father Prince of Wales, he being the first heir apparent of an English King to whom that title was given. A few weeks after the birth of Prince Edward, the King returned to England with his consort and family. The route they took is no where clearly detailed. BY one account, they journeyed through Flintshire and Chester to Macclesfield, and thence by the most direct roads to London. If, however, they travelled by this course, their tarrv in London must have been short, as Walsingham says, "King Edward having settled matters in Wales, came about the middle of December to Bristol, where he kept his Christmas and held a parliament." In his expedition into Wales, Ed ward was accompanied by his children as well as his Queen. That they held their court with some degree of state is evident, as in the Wardrobe Polls of this reign mention is made of their chapel and the conveyance of the equipments of the same from England. Their ser vants too, appear to have been tolerably numerous, and many of them Welch. Eleanora's good sense induced her to employ Welch nurses, both for the Prin cess Elizabeth and Prince Edward,

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