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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 148

circular, the patriotic "Welch flew to arms, poured from the mountains into the marches, and severely retaliated on the English the miseries they had so long suffered from their unprovoked cruelty. Their success compelled Edward to advance against them. Whilst his troops were marching towards the Welch borders, he visited his mother at the convent of Ambresbury, During his stay there, the Queen Dowager shewed him a man who pretended that he had recovered his sight through the miraculous interposition of King Henry the Third, whilst praying at his tomb. Edward, however, treated the fabrication with the contempt it merited, and, to his mother's surprise, told her to spurn the wicked impostor, declaring that a prince of his father's piety and justice, did he possess the power, would rather have punished the hypocrite with loss of speech for his falsehood, than have restored his eye-sight, which, indeed, to all appearances, he had never lost. Eleanora, like the true wife of a warrior, accompanied her royal lord in all his campaigns. In June, 1282, they were at Chester, whence, at the close of the month, they proceeded to Wales, attended by a numerous train of nobles, and a powerful army, After a rough, wearisome journey, such as few ladies of modern times would have the nerve to encounter, she at length reached her appointed head quarters, Khuddlan Castle, in Flintshire, where, in August, she gave birth to her eighth daughter. The name of the Princess is variously given. One historian uncoiithly styles her Walkiniania, others name her Isabella; but she was evidently christened Elizabeth, as in all state records she is so designated. As this princess was born in Wales, and the first of the royal family of England who bore the name of Elizabeth, the Cambrians may boast that a royal-born native of Wales was the first to introduce to our notice a name which, in after ages, became famous in the annals of England's Queens. The disastrous death of Llewellyn is well known to every reader of history. Urged on by temporary success, and a staunch belief that the prophecy of Merlin was about to be accomplished in his own person, he, with a handful of brave followers, quitted his mountain fastness, descended to the plains, and at Bluit, in Radnorshire, was surprised, defeated, and killed by the English under Mortimer. Adam Frankton, the knight who slew him, forwarded his head to Edward, who, to verify, or, what is more probable, to ridicule the prediction of Merlin, and strike terror into the Welch, ordered it to be crowned with a wreath of ivy, and exposed to the public gaze on the walls of tho Tower of London. The golden coronet taken from the head of the unfortunate prince after the battle of Bluit, was offered at the shrine of St. Edward, by Prince Alphonso. Such was the end of the brave Llewellyn, and with him expired tho so long and so bravely maintained independence of Wales. Immediately his death became known, the despairing Welsh magnates tendered their submission to Edward, whose policy received them with kindness. David alone held back, for he dared not throw himself on the mercy of the foe he had so notoriously offended. Seeking an asylum in the mountain fastness, he eluded the searching vigilance of the English for about six months. But at length, after being hunted from rock to rock, he was betrayed by the perfidy of his own countrymen, who, having made him prisoner, with his wife and child, carried him in chains to Rhuddlan. lie being the last of his family, Edward resolved to secure his conquest by his death. Accordingly he was sent to Shrewsbury, where he was tried by the English peers, and condemned to be hanged, drawn, and quartered, a sentence which, considering the times and the circumstances, will ever be a foul blot on the character of Edward; for, although David had acted with treachery and ingratitude, ho had committed the crimes but to secure his country's independence. Besides, David is the first example in English history of a traitor—if traitor he can be called—being executed in this manner ; and surely it was most horrible to practise such unheard-of barbarity upon a

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