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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 85

decessors were wont to do ; and after wards was brought back to his throne by the same bishops. After mass he was at tended, thus royally arrayed, to a cham ber adjoining, in like procession as be fore, whence, after a short repose, he, with the same procession, returned into the choir, put off his heavy crown and robes, and went to dinner." At the coronation feast, which was kept in Westminster Hall, the citizens of London were his butlers, and those of Winchester served up the meat. Then the archbishops and bishops sat down with the ICing, whilst the earls and barons served in the king's palaces as their places and dignity required. The day of the coronation was marked by a fierce uprising against the Jews, which led to a terrible massacre of that ancient people. Xing Kichard had ordered that no Jews should witness his inauguration. But some of the more wealthy members of the tribe, judging that gold would purchase them an exception to this rule, rashly proceeded towards the banquetting hall, with presents of great value for the King. On their nearing the hall, some one shouted out " On, citizens, on ! obey the mandate of your King, and annihilate the antichria tians !" which so excited the already crusading, mad populace, that they flew to arms and murdered every Jew they could find in London. These butcheries were succeeded by uprisings in the other great towns, and the cry, "Down with the Jews ! donfen with the infldel dogs !" resounded throughout the land. But the most horrible of those tragedies occurred at York. Upwards offive hundred of the Jews, to avoid the rage of the rabble, had shut themselves up, with their wives and families, in the castle ; but being unable to defend themselves against the fury of the blood-stained populace, the men, by mutual consent,~cut the throats of their women and children, set fire to the building, and then heroically perished in the flames. Brompton assures us that neither Eleanora nor the King sanctioned these horrible doings, and that most of the ringleaders were brought to trial, and deservedly put to death. Erom this period to the date of her death, 1204, the memoirs of Eleanora are so blended with those of her daughterin-law, Berengaria of Navarre, that, to prevent repetition, the sequel of her life will be related in the biography of that queen.

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