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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 83

ble motive -which sets you upon it. For whatever is taken in hand from a principle of faith and religion, never fails to succeed. It is certain, as you yourself acknowledge, Ireland, as well as all other islands which have the happiness to be enlightened by the Sun of righteousness, and have submitted to the doctrines of Christianity, are unquestionably St. Peter's right, and belong to the jurisdiction of the Roman church. We judge, therefore, after maturely considering the enterprise you propose to us, that it will be proper to settle in that island colonies of the faithful, who may be wellpleasing to God. "You have advised us, most dear son in Christ, of your design of an expedition into Ireland, to subject the island to just laws, and to root out vice, which has long nourished there. You promise to pay us out of every house a yearly acknowledgment of one penny, and to maintain the rights of the church without the least detriment or diminution. Upon which promise, giving a ready ear to your request, we consent and allow that you make a descent on that island, to enlarge the bounds of the church, to check the progress of immorality, to reform the manners of the natives, and to promote the growth of virtue and the Christian religion. "We exhort you to do whatever you think proper to advance for the honour of God and the salvation of the people, whom we charge to submit to your jurisdiction, and own you for their sovereign lord, provided always that the rights of the church are inviolably preserved, and the Peter-pence duly paid. If, therefore, you think fit to put your design into execution, labour above all things to improve the inhabitants of the island in virtue. Use both your own and the endeavours of such as you shall judge worthy to be employed in this work, that the church of God be enriched more and more, that religionflourish in the country, and that the things tending to the honour of God and the salvation of souls be in such manner disposed, as may entitle you to an eternal reward in heaven, and an immortal fame upon earth." Immediately after the burial of his fa ther, Richard sent over to England an order for the release of hia mother from her long captivity, and letters patent investing her with the reins of government during his absence, as Queen Regent. The same messenger also brought strict injunctions for the severe imprisonment of Elcanora's jailor, Ranulph de Glanville, "who," says Tyrrell, "was accordingly cast into a miserable dungeon in Winchester Castle, and loaded with irons so heavy that he could not move." Imprisonment and age had wrought a great change on Eleanora. The gay, giddy, laughing consort, ushered from her cell a gentle, çious, kind-hearted, serious, and highly virtuous Queen Dowager. Her first act, on assuming the regency, was the liberation of all the prisoners in the kingdom, who had been confined for violating the Norman game laws, or for otherwise personally offending Henry the Second, on the easy condition that they prayed for the repose of his soul. This act of humanity greatly consoled the people, as the late King, being a great hunter, had enforced the forest and game laws with such rigour, that the prisons were filled with offenders, whilst the woods and wilds were inhabited with daring outlaws, who, when game was scarce, lived by robbery ; but to all of whom a free pardon was granted, on their swearing fidelity to Richard as their King. Although invested with all the powers of royalty, Eleanora did not resent the injuries and wrongs she had received from her enemies in her misfortunes. Upon one individual only did her vengeance fall—the woman that had been the cause of her separation from her Lhusband, and her long imprisonment. The too-guilty Princess Alice was consigned to the same dungeon from which the Queen Dowager had but just emerged, and her marriage with Richard was annulled. Richard, who, on account of his strength and bravery, was surnamed Cœur de Lion, proceeded from Fontevraud, to do homage to the King of France for his continental possessions, after which he went to Rouen, where he not only received the ducal crown, "but," says Hoveden, " was also girt with the sword of

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