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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. I. B.C. 4004 to A.D. 1066.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. I. B.C. 4004 to A.D. 1066.
page 281

Therefore, the miserable relics of the Britons remained in three provinces only, to wit, in Cornubia, which is called Cornwall by some people, because it stretches into the sea like a horn (Cornu), and Demecia, which is also called South Wales, and Venedocia, which is also called North Wales. So being confined, though sorely against their will, within these boundaries, they nevertheless never forsook their faith in Christ. In this particular alone are they considered blameable, that they always regard the nation of the Angles, even to this very day, with mortal hatred, as if it were owing to them that they were banished from their proper country, and they are not more willing to associate with them than with dogs. But their provinces are impregnable, being thickly planted with dense woods, entrenched behind deep marshes, and swelling with lofty mountains ; out of which they often sally like mice out of caverns, and wickedly attack the nation of àie Angles, and will take no other ransom from them in war, except their heads. ' At this time, the church of the blessed martyr Alban, which is related to have been built after his passion, with wonderful stone-work, in a manner worthy of his martyrdom, is believed to have been with other buildings of the same sort utterly overthrown and destroyed, till by the ministry of king Offa, acting in obedience to the revelation of an angel, the body of the glorious confessor and martyr was found and his monastery rebuilt. Britain therefore, having been subdued, and the kings banished; the kings of the Angles or Saxons occupied the country in every direction, extended their kingdoms, and aet limits to their dominions with respect to nothing, hut the power of each individual. At this time, eight kings reigned, whose names are these—Athelbert was king of Kent ; Ciasa of Sussex ; Cealine of Wessex ; Creodda of Mercia ; Erkenwin of Essex ; Titillus of East AngUa ; Ella of Deira, and J&therrid of Bernitia. And these kingdoms in process of time were thus distinguished. The kings of Canterbury reigned only in the province of Kent ; the kings of Sussex bore sway only in that province ; the kings of Essex reigned in that province and in Middlesex ; the kings of East Anglia reigned in Norfolk and Suffolk, and in the county of Cambridge, until their power was crippled b y Offa, king of Mercia. The kings of Mercia ruled over the

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