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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. I. B.C. 4004 to A.D. 1066.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. I. B.C. 4004 to A.D. 1066.
page 40

ceiving this, inflamed with love for the man, came with one squadron, and put Goffrarius the king, with the Pictavians* and Gauls, to flight. There was in the battle a Trojan, of the name of Turnus, a nephew of Brutus, than whom there was no one more bold or fearless, except Corinœus. He with his single sword slew six hundred men, but, alas ! was slain sooner than he deserved to be, by the attacking Gauls. And from his name the city of the Turni1 derived its appellation, because, as Homer2 bears witness, he was buried there. And, although so important a victory filled Brutus with the greatest joy, still he was also afflicted with great grief, because he had lost his nephew, a youth of such great excellence. Without delay, he sought his fleet, with the consent of all his companions, filling it with all the booty which he had acquired, and embarking on board his ships, he approached the promised island with a fair wind, and anchored on the Istonesian' coast. CH . XXIII.—Brutus comes to Britain—Divides it among his chief comrades. THE name of the island was at that time Albion, and it was inhabited by no one except a few giants. Nevertheless, by its pleasant situation, and the abundance of its rivers full of fish, and the beauty of its groves, it inspired Brutus and his companions with a arsire of taking up their abode in it ; accordingly, having traversed certain provinces, they drive the giants whom they find into the caverns in the mountains ; they divide the country, which their leader gives them, by lot ; they begin to cultivate the land ; to build houses ; so that in a short time you would have supposed that the island had been inhabited from the earliest ages. Lastly, Brutus calls the island Britain, after his own name, and calls his comrades and friends Britons. For he wished to leave behind him a perpetual recollection of himself, by such a derivation from his name ; with which view subsequently, the language of the nation which was formerly called Trojan, or crooked Greek, was now called British. * The inhabitants of the district of Poictiers. 1 Now Tours. This must be some mistake of the good monk. There is no such place or people mentioned in Homer. * Near Thionville, in Belgium.

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