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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.2., From A.D. 1180 To A.D. 1201.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.2., From A.D. 1180 To A.D. 1201.
page 422

A.D. 1198. AID LEVIED BY KING RICHARD. 421 ligious were bound to do service ; and upon each carucate in tillage, by the king's commands, they first levied two shillings and then three shillings ; all of which was reduced to writing. Of all this the clerk had one register, the knight another, the sheriff a third, and the seneschals of the barons a fourth register as to the land of their lords. This money was received by the hands of two lawful knights of each hundred, and by the hands of the .bailiff of the hundred, and they were answerable for the same to the sheriff, and the sheriff answerable for the same according to the before-mentioned registers to the exchequer, in presence of the bishops, abbats, and barons appointed for the purpose. Also, for the punishment of the jurors who, contrary to their oath, should be guilty of concealing anything in the said matters, it was enacted that whatever villein should be convicted of perjury he should forfeit to his lord the best ox of his plough, and should, out of his own property, be answerable for as much money for the use of our lord the king as should be proved to have remained concealed by means of his perjury ; but if a free man should be convicted, he was to be amerced by the king, and was to refund as well out of his own property as much as had been concealed by him, in the same manner as the villein. It was also enacted, that every baron should, with the aid of the sheriff, make levies upon his tenants ; and, if by default of the baron, such levies should not be made, then there was to be taken from the demesne of the baron, what should remain payable by his tenants, and the baron was to take the same from his tenants. Frank-fees of parish churches were exempted from the said tallage; and all escheats of barons which were held in the lands of our lord the king contributed thereto. But serjeanties'8 of our lord the king, which were not attached to knights' fees, were excepted, although they were placed' on the register, as also the number of the carucates of land, the values of their lands, and the names of those holding by serjeanty ; and all" those so holding, were summoned to be at London on the octave at the end of Easter, to hear and perform the king's commands. The persons who were chosen for that purpose, and appointed by our lord the king, according to the estimation of 7 S Freehold lands exempt from all services, but not from homage.

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