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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.2., From A.D. 1180 To A.D. 1201.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.2., From A.D. 1180 To A.D. 1201.
page 342

SWERE CLLOWHXD K1NU OF NORWAY. 3-41 A.D. 1194. Mare. There also came to the before-named emperor of the Romans all the pagans and Jews who were in the kingdom of Sicily, and, paying him certain sums, remained in the kingdom of Sicily, each in his own place, in the same condition in which he had been before. The emperor then caused himself and the empress Constance, his wife, to be crowned at the city of Palermo, in presence and with the consent of the archbishops, bishops, and principal men of the kingdom. The emperor then caused the bodies of king Tancred and king Roger, his son, to be disinterred, and spoiled them of their crowns and sceptres, and other royal ornaments, saying that they were not kings by right, but rather usurpers of the throne, and holders thereof by violence. The emperor next gave in marriage to Philip, his brother, duke of Suabia, the above-mentioned daughter of Tursac, emperor of Constantinople, and put out the eyes of king William, son of king Tancred, and had him emasculated. In the same year, the citizens of Rome elected fifty-six senators, and placed them in authority over themselves : whereas, previously, they had had but a single senator, whose name was Benedict, a worthy man, who had ruled over them two years, and after him they had had another senator, who was called John Capuche, and had similarly reigned over them another two years ; in whose times Rome was better governed than at the present day, in the time of the fifty-six senators. In the same year, Swere, prince of Norway, contrary to the prohibition of our lord the pope, had himself crowned king of Norway ; on hearing of which, Eustace, archbishop of TJrontheim, chose rather to go into exile than be present at his coronation ; he accordingly departed, and the said Swere, son of Siward, king of Norway, gave orders that all the bishops of Norway should meet together at Bergen, on the feast of the Apostles Saint Peter and Saint Paul, for the purpose of crowning him. Among these was the bishop of Wie, whose name was Nicholas. He declared that he was unwilling to be present at the coronation, because of the absence of the archbishop ; on hearing which, Swere caused the bishop to be seized, and to be bound on the sea-shore on a small eminence, so that the waves of the sea, flowing on, nearly entered his mouth ; upon which, the bishop being terrified, assented to the wishes of Swere Birkebain, and crowned and consecrated him king at Bergen, on the feast of the Apostles Saint Peter and Saint Paul,

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