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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.2., From A.D. 1180 To A.D. 1201.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.2., From A.D. 1180 To A.D. 1201.
page 254

A.D. 1191. ROGER CROWNED THE FIRST XING OF SICILY. crowned empress ; and when all the proper solemnities had been performed, both as to the marriage, the coronation, and the nuptial ceremonies, so becomingly, that she said to the emperor, "M y lord, you have now graciously performed all the terms of our agreement, " the emperor caused silence to be made, and in the presence of all, showed the agreement which he had made with her, and how she had put her husband to death, and then requested them to pronouncej udgment upon her ; on which, they condemned her to death. Accordingly, she was removed from the nuptial ceremony to the place of punishment, and was thrown upon a lighted pile, and reduced to ashes. Roger, the brother of the said Guiscard, waged war with the people of Sicily, and subjected the whole of that island, and became the earl of Sicily. This Sicily is a large island, and, before the said Roger subdued it, was inhabited by pagans, and under the dominion of the emperor of Africa. But Roger before-mentioned, having expelled the pagans, established the Christian religion, and erected in it two archbishoprics and six bishoprics. After this, he married a wife, by whom he had an only son, whom, after his own name, he called Roger, and made him duke of Apulia, and gave to him Calabria and the principality of Capua, after the decease of Tancred, the son of Robert Guiscard, without issue. The said Roger, earl of Sicily, then died ; on which, his son Roger, duke of Apulia, succeeded him in the earldom of Sicily, and shortly after, with the consent of his earls and barons, caused himself to be crowned king of Sicily; and thus the said Roger was crowned the first king of Sicily. He married a wife, and by her had two sons and one daughter ; the first of whom was called Roger, and the other William," while his daughter was called Constance. He gave to his eldest son the dukedom of Apulia and the principality of Capua. This son married against the will of his father, and by his wife had an only son, whom he called Tancred ; after which he died, in the lifetime of his father. After this, his father died, who was king of Sicily, and was succeeded in the kingdom by his son William, who married, and by his wife had an only son, whom he called William, after his own name. This William, last-mentioned, succeeded his father in the kingdom, and gave to Tancred, the son of his M V. r. Walter.

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