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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.2., From A.D. 1180 To A.D. 1201.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.2., From A.D. 1180 To A.D. 1201.
page 248

A^D. 1191. RETURN OF THE KING OF FRANCE FROM ACRE. 247 It is also worthy to be known, that from this territory came those three kings who offered to our Lord Jesus Christ three precious gifts, namely, gold, frankincense, and myrrh. Their names were as follow : Jesphar, Pabtrar,55 and Melchior ; ot whom one was king of Salef, which is called the 'Island,' another the king of Malnustre, and the third was the king of Terzol, that is to say, Tarsis, as to which it is said in the Psalms,66 " The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents." It is also worthy to be known, that these three rivers, Salef, Curk, and Thil, rise in Turkia, which is the name of the land of the Turks, who are subjects of the sultan of Iconium ; these divide the land of the Turks from the land of Eupin de la Montaigne, and fall into the sea near the gulf of Satalia. The river also, which is called Salef, is opposite to the island of Cyprus, and is not distant from it more than fifty miles, according to the calculations of mariners, as people can easily see from one shore to the other.6' When the king of France had left this river Salef, he passed near some very high mountains, which are called Cathimerdes. He next passed before a castle, the name of which is Nessekim, and then came to a fine city called Stamere, in which there is a noble abbey of the Griffons. He next passed a deserted castle, which is called the castle of Eote, and then came to a river, which is called Scalendros : this river divides the territories of the Armenians from those of the emperor of Constantinople. Here, on one side of this river, in the territory of the emperor of Constantinople, is a castle, which is called Antiochet,68 while on the other side of the same river, in Armenia, there is a castle, the name of which is Isanci. "When the king ofPranee arrived at the castle of Antiochet, Constantine, the lord of the castle, received him with marks of joy, and supplied him and his people with all necessaries. The king of France made a stay there of eight days, and dubbed the eldest son of the said Constantine a knight. It is also worthy to be known, that the whole land which extends from the river Scalendros towards the north as far as the sea is the territory of the emperor of Constantinople, which is called Eomania, that is to say, Grœcia. *' V. r. Pabtizar, or Paptizar ; evidently a corruption for Balthazar, The first name stands for Gaspar, or Jasper. 5 4 Psalm lxxii. 10. S I He must here allude to mountains on either side. 5 β V. r. Annechet.

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