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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.2., From A.D. 1180 To A.D. 1201.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.2., From A.D. 1180 To A.D. 1201.
page 149

ANNALS OF BOGEB BE UOVEBEN. A.D. 1190. extermination ; and, leaving their ships and companions, proceeded up the river Tagus to Santa Erena, which is distant from the city of Lisbon two days' march, where they found Sancho, king of Portugal, utterly destitute both of resources and counsel ; for he had but few soldiers, and nearly all of those without arms, and the emperor had already taken the castle of the king which he had besieged, and had laid siege to another castle, which is called Thomar, and is a castle of the Templars. On hearing of the arrival of the foreigners, the emperor was greatly alarmed, and, sending ambassadors to the king of Portugal, demanded, of him Silva, on obtaining which, he would depart with his army, and restore to him the castle which he had taken, and would keep peace with him for seven years ; but when the king of Portugal refused to do this, he sent him word that on the following day he would come to lay siege to Santa Erena. On this, the king of Portugal, taking counsel with the strangers who had come in the ships, placed his men in the towers, and at the strongest bastions of the walls; while the foreigners who had come in the ships chose for their position the weaker parts of the city, employing their own courage as their walls. On the following day, when all were prepared for the attack, and there was every moment a mur muring at the gates, to the effect that he would be there that instant and without delay, a messenger came on a sudden and thus said : " The emperor has been dead these three days and his army is taking to flight !" and, while he was still speaking, there came two, and then three, and then still more all of whom spoke to the like effect. Accordingly, the king and all the people believed them, and the city was filled with gladness and exultation ; ,and, on the next day, the king gave to the men who had come from the ship leave to return to them, promising that he would handsomely reward them for their labours.. However, before they had arrived at their ships, Robert de Sabul and Richard de Cam ville came to Lisbon with sixty-three great store-ships of the king of England ; (a store-ship is the same as a trans port-ship).61 Some, however, of the men who had come under the command of Robert de Sabul and Richard de Camville were evil-doers and vicious persons ; for, on disembarking from the ships, they made their way into the city of Lisbon, and as they went through the streets and lanes, talked to the people *' " Storium"—" uaviginoi."

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