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M.Besant E.Walter
Jerusalem, the city of Herod and Saladin


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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M.Besant E.Walter
Jerusalem, the city of Herod and Saladin
page 486

(3.) He has found what he thinks was the old Ophel wall, running from the south-east angle round the ridge of the hill. (4.) He has examined the Triple Gate for remains of the eastern wall and finds none. (5). He has found what have been pronounced by an eminent authority to be Phoenician characters at the south-east and north-east angles. (6.) He has found on the northside of the platform of the Dome of the Rock certain foundations, the remains of some older building. But as yet no further examination of the arches then discovered has been possible. (7.) He discovered the actual remains of the great bridge which crossed the valley at the south-west corner. This wall, in Mr. Fergusson's plan, springs from the Triple Gate. Would Phoenician characters have been used by Herod's workmen? If Mr. Fergusson is correct, these may be remains of the Church of Justinian. But they may just as well prove to be part of the foundations of the Temple. The foundations of the wall were found to cross a carefully constructed older aqueduct. Now if the west wall was Solomon's, who built the aqueduct? It must have been either David or the Jebusites, and one always imagines that before Solomon's time there were few buildings or constructions, if any, in Jerusalem ; certainly not aqueducts. (8.) Jar handles were found at the south-east corner with inscriptions in Phoenician character of the same period as the Moabite stone. Of course no direct inference can be drawn from the finding of anything small below the surface. Tobacco pipes were found thirty or forty feet below the surface, but no one has concluded therefrom that the kings of Israel smoked tobacco.

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