ROGER OF WENDOVER
Flowers of history. The history of England from the descent of the saxons to A.D. 1235. vol.1
A.D. 1139.] DEATH OF AECHBISHOP THTJRSTAX. 491
the bishop's treasures into his hands, he obtained the hand of Constance, sister of the French king Louis, in marriage for his son Eustace. Returning thence, he treated Alexander bishop of Lincoln in the same manner, until he surrendered to him his eastles of Newark and Latford.*
How Matilda, formerly empress, came into England.
About the same time Matilda, daughter of king Henry,
who had formerly been empress, and to whom the kingdom
had been secured on oath, came to England with her brother
Robert, and, landing at Arundel, was received with joy
and exultation by William d'Aubeny, husband of queen
Alice, who had in dowry from king Henry the castle and
the earldom of Arundel. Robert earl of Gloucester, with
ten knights and ten horse-archers, marched through the
midst of king Stephen's dominions to Wallingford, and thenee,
to Gloucester, where he announced to Brian' Fitz-Earl and
to Milo of Gloucester, that the empress had landed, and was
now left at Arundel with his own wife and other incum
brances. The two knights rejoiced greatly at this news, and
prepared to fight valorously in her behalf, f The same year
died Roger bishop of Salisbury, partly of old age and partly
of grief: after his death the king banished Nigel bishop of
Ely, because he was the nephew of Roger bishop of Salis
bury, from whom he had been prejudiced to his destruction.
From this time there were no royal courts or solemn festivi
ties held in England ; nor any such thing as peace ; every
where were murders and conflagrations, tumult, mourning,
and terror, on every side. Thurstan, also, archbishop of
York, now died, and was succeeded by William, treasurer of
the same church.
* Sleaford.—Will, of Malmesbury.
t Matthew Paris adds :—" The same year the bishop of Winchester invited certain nobles to dinner, and compelled them to surrender their castles. He also, with archbishop Theobald and other bishops and prelates, held a council at Winchester on the 30th of August, to which he summoned the king his brother ; who, however, sent Alberic earl de Ver, a man versed in such causes, to the council concerning the capture of the aforesaid bishops, about which he had little experience, to allege that he did it
justly, and to defend the king's conduct : and although the council thought otherwise concerning the charges against the bishops, yet they separated after some discussion, on the 1st of September."