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ROGER OF WENDOVER Flowers of history. The history of England from the descent of the saxons to A.D. 1235. vol.1


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Flowers of history. The history of England from the descent of the saxons to A.D. 1235. vol.1
page 490

Of the alliance between king Stephen and the king of Scots. About the same time, David king of Scots, who had sworn fealty to the empress, invaded England, took Carlisle and Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and placed garrisons therein. King Stephen, therefore, led against him a large army, and met him at Durham, where a treaty was made between them, by which king David restored Newcastle, and retained Carlisle with Stephen's consent. The Scottish king did not, however, do homage to king Stephen, because he had sworn fidelity to his own niece, king Henry's daughter; but the son of king David professed himself king Stephen's liegeman, and received in return the county of Huntingdon for himself and heirs for ever. The king then returned home and held his court at London, during the festival of Easter, in a more splendid manner than ever had been known, for the abundance of gold, silver, jewels, and costly robes. On the festival of our Lord's ascension it was rumoured throughout England that the king was dead ; this caused great disturbance in the kingdom ; for Hugh Bigod took possession of Norwich castle, which he would not give up to any one but the king, and was not very willing to resign it even to him. Treason began now to spread among the Normans, but the king resisted them manfully, took the castle of Badington, which belonged to one Robert, a rebel, and marching thence to Exeter, which was held out against him by Baldwin de Rivers, with much difficulty reduced both the city and castle. The rebels, by the advice of evil counsellors; were suffered to go without punishment, so that they again revolted, and treacherously fortified many castles against him. The king proceeded from Exeter to the isle of Wight, which he also took from the aforesaid Baldwin de Rivers, whom he banished from England. After these successes, the king went to hunt in presence of king Stephen. [William archbishop of Canterbury] Henry bishop of Winchester took away the band of St. James from Reading. The same year, after Easter, Robert earl of Gloucester came into England, and king Stephen feared much his prudence and power. After his arrival, the bishops swore fidelity to the king, who swore, in return, that he would observe the ecclesiastical liberties and good laws ; and to this end he made a charter, and earl Robert did homage to him, on condition that he should keep all his own dignities undiminished, according to the ancient proverb, " As long as you respect me as senator, I will respect you as emperor."

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