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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 526

the Tower, and maltreated the jury; and in this as in many other instances, she righted the wrong the moment it reached her ears. At the outbreak of the Wyatt rebellion, Mary received information which induced her to suspect the fidelity of her sister Elizabeth ; she, therefore, resolved to secure her person, and with that view addressed to her the following letter: — " RIGHT BEAR AXD ENTIIIEI.Y BELOVED t IS TER, ., "W e greet you well; and. whereas certain evil-disposed persons minding more the satisfaction of their own malicious and seditious minds than their duty of allegiance towards us, have, of late, foully spread divers lewd and untrue rumours, and by these means and other devilish practices, do labour to induce our good and loving subjects to an unnatural rebellion against God, us, and the tranquillity of our realm. We, tendering the surety of your person which might chance to be in some peril if any sudden tumult should arise where you now are, or about Donnington ; whither, as we understand, you are minded shortly to remove; do, therefore, think it expedient you should put yourself in good readiness, with all convenient speed, to make repair hither to us, which we pray you fail not to do ; assuring you that as you may most safely remain here, so shall you be most heartily welcome to us. And of your mind herein we pray you to return answer by this messenger. " Given under our signet, at our manor of St. James's, the twenty-sixth of January, in the first year of our reign. " Your loving sister, " MAUY, THE QUEEN." When this summons arrived, Elizabeth was confined to her bed ; and as she declared she was unable to travel, Mary permitted her to remain for convalescence till the tenth of February. During this eventful fortnight Wyatt and others, to mitigate their own punishment, basely denounced Elizabeth and Courtney as being deeply impli cated in their conspiracy. Courtney was apprehended and committed to the Tower on the fourteenth of February-, and Lord William Howard, Sir Edward Hastings, and Sir Thomas Cornwallis were dispatched to bring Elizabeth to court, not as Fox has it, "quick or dead," but with all speed, so as neither to endanger ber life nor cause her needless ill-convenience or annoyance. She travelled to London with all the ostentation of royalty, but when she reached Whitehall, Mary, by the advice of her council, refused to see her, declaring, she must first establish her innocence; and as none of the lords would take upon himself the custody of her in hie own house, she, by Mary's order, was sent to the Tower. A mass of presumptive evidence against both her and Courtney had by this time been collected, but as the intercepted letters which implicated them in the Wyatt rebellion were written in ciphers, Mary deemed it possible for them to be forgeries, and refused to bring either the Princess or Courtney* to trial. Queen Mary was certainly less vengeful than her father, Henry the Eighth. He caused the impostor Klbfabeth Barton to be hanged. She only put the notorious voice-in-thewall heroine, Elizabeth Croft, in the pillory; and when three hundred children of the citizens of London assembled in a suburban field, and played with alarming earnestness at the game of " the Queen against Wyatt," although the boy who took the part of King Philip was nearly hanged in earnest, she took no notice of the fray beyond causing two or three of the bold urchins to be soundly thrashed for their impudence. Conspiracies against the Queen's life, and libellous attacks on her character, at this disturbed period, abounded on all sides. The French and Venetian ambassadors, and most of the Protestants and the anti - papal Catholics, were deeply involved in plots to dethrone her, * That Mary showed more mercy to her heiress than Elizabeth did to hern is evident, for Elizabeth brought Mary, Queen of Scota, to the block, for a correspondence in ciphers, although that unfortunate Queen, in her dying moments, pronounced the correspondence a forgery.

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