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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 522

charged her with receiving nocturnal visits from Noailles. But she so completely explained away the charges against her, that at the dissolution of Parliament,* on the sixth of December, Mary dismissed her from court with marks of affection, and a present of two sets of large pearls, and several valuable jewelled rosaries. On the second of January 1554, Count Egmont and other nobles arrived to conclude the treaty for Mary's marriage. In the presence ot the whole court at Westminster, they, in a set speech, offered to the Queen Philip of Spain as her husband, when she replied, "That it became not a female to speak in public on so delicate a subject as her own marriage. They might learn her intentions through her ministers ; but," she proceeded, fixing her eyes on her inauguration ring which she wore on her finger, " they must bear in mind that her realm was her first husband, and that no consideration should induce her to violate that faith which she had pledged to her people at her coronation. ' On the fourteenth of January, the terms of the treaty for the marriage between Mary and Philip were made known to the Lord Mayor and Aldermen of London. It was stipulated that they should reciprocally assume the styles and titles of their respective dominions. That all foreigners should be excluded from office in the English court; that Philip should aid the Queen in the government of the realm, but no alteration should be made in the established laws, customs, and privileges ; that he should not carry the Queen abroad without her consent, nor any of her children without tho consent of the nobility. That the issue of this marriage should succeed, according to law, to the English crown and to Philip's inheritance in Burgundy and the Low Countries ; and, moreover, if Don Carlos, Philip's son by his former marriage, should die without issue, to Spain, Sicily, Milan, and all the other dominions of Philip. * Caused, It is supposed, "by the boldness of the Commons, in petitioning the Queen against marrying a foreign prince ; but this Is only conjecture. On the death of the Queen without issue, Philip's connection with England was instantly to cease ; but if Mary survived Philip, she was to enjoy a jointure of sixty thousand pounds, secured on lands in Spain and the Netherlands. The official annunciation of the marriage provoked its opponents to take up the sword of rebellion. Within, a week three insurrections burst forth. The Duke of Suffolk rose in Warwickshire, and proclaimed the Lady Jane Gray Queen. Sir Peter Carew aroused the western counties to place the Princess Elizabeth and Courtney, Earl of Devonshire, on the throne ; and with the same view, Sir Thomas Wyatt, son of Wyatt, the poet and friend of Anne Boleyn, headed a formidable band of Kentish insurgents. The first two of these uprisings were speedily suppressed. The Duke of Suffolk was taken by the Earl of Huntingdon, and sent prisoner to the Tower, and Carcwwas defeated, and fled to France ; but the Wyatt rebellion was not so easily crushed. When the Duke of Norfolk, at the head of a detachment of guards, some artillery, and five hundred citizens of London well harnessed, met the rebels at Rochester, the Londoners went over in a body to the insurgents, and their example was followed by three parts of the army, not excepting the Queen's guard itself. Encouraged by this success, Wyatt pushed on to Deptford at the head offifteen thousand men. When Sir Edward Hastings and Sir Thomas Cornwallis, both of the privy council, inquired his demands, " The custody of the Tower, and the Queen, and the removal of several of her Majesty's council," replied Wyatt with firmness ; " that I may prevent the land from being overrun with foreigners." "Wyatt, before your traitorous demand shall he complied with, you shall die, and twenty thousand more with you," warmly retorted Sir Edward Hastings ; who, with his colleagues, instantly returned to London, and alarmed the court and tho council with a relation of the power and presumption of the too confident rebels. All now w*as consternation ; and as Wyatt's near approach was announced, it was fully expected

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