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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 518

with, a silken canopy, borne by four knights. She was robed in purple velvet, furred with ermine. On her head was a caul of gold tinsel, beset with pearls and stones, and over it was a circlet of gold, beset so richly with precious stones, that the value thereof was inestimable, and the weight so great, that she was fain to bear up her head with her hands ; in truth, with her, unusual excitement generally induced headache, and in this instance the pain was augmented by the weight of the ponderous circlet. After the Queen, Sir Edward Hastings led her spare horse ; then followed the Princess Elizabeth and the Lady Anne of Oleves in a chariot covered with cloth of silver, all white, and drawn by five horses, with housings of the same. To these succeeded ladies in gowns and kirtles of crimson velvet, riding on horses trapped with the same ; behind these came a long train of chariots, covered with crimson satin, and between each chariot rode gentlewomen, attired in crimson satin, on horses trapped with the same. Seventy ladies rode after the Queen, on horseback ; and those of the highest rank rodo either four or six together, in chariots. The pageantry, which greeted the Queen in her ride through the City as of old, was rudely gorgeous, but highly gratifying to the beholders. " At Fenchurch," says the chronicler, " was a costly pageant, made by the Genoese ; and one of a ship sailing over tho sea, was erected at the corner of Graeechurch by the Easterlings. The Florentines made another at the upper end of Gracechurch Street, which was very high and beautiful. On the top of it stood a giant angel, all in green, with a trumpet in his hand, and each time the trumpeter, who was secreted in the pageant, performed a solo, the angel put his monster trumpet to his mouth, as though it had been the same that had sounded, to the great marvel of many ignorant persons. The conduits in Cornhill and Cheapside ran with wine, and were garnished with pageants. The City waits, perched on the Standard in Cheapside, made goodly harmony as the procession passed by. The aldermen and other City functionaries stood near to a pageant erected by the City beside the little conduit in Cheapside, and when the Queen approached, the Recorder addressed her, and the Chamberlain, in the name of the Corporation, presented her with a rich purse, containing a thousand marks. Against the school in St. Paul's Churchyard, the Queen's favourite dramatic performer, Heywood, sat under a vine, and delivered to her an oration in Latin and in English. But the great feature of attraction at this point of the progress was the very novel gymnastic evolutions of Peter the Dutchman, who, mounted on the weathercock of Old St. Paul's steeple, and surrounded with flags and other decorations, stood on one foot, and played other strange antics, to the astonishment of tho beholders, for which the City paid him sixteen pounds thirteen shillings and fourpence. Then there was a pageant against the Lean of St. Paul's gate, where the choristers of St. Paul's sung and played on viols.* Ludgate was newly painted, and minstrels played and sung there. There was a pageant at the conduit in Fleet Street, and the Temple Bar was newly painted and decorated with hangings and banners." On reaching the Palace of Whitehall at Westminster, the Queen took her leave of the Lord Mayor, giving him great thanks for his pains. On the morrow, which was the first of October, she went by water to the old Palace at Westminster. A passage - way from Westminster Hall to the Abbey was railed in and spread with blue cloth ; the choir of the Abbey was strewn with rushes and hung with rich arras ; and the pathway from the pulpit to the royal stage, which was covered with cloth of gold, was carpeted with haudikin. About eleven o'clock, tho Queen, in a rich crimson robe, went on foot from Wcst * The viol in shape resembled the violin, of which it was the origin. It was mounted with five or six strings, and the finger-board was fretted like that of the Spanish guitar. In the sixteenth century, it was in high esteem, but its tone being crude and nasal, it gradually lo3t favour, and, in the reign of Charles the Second, was superseded by the violin. κ χ 2

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