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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 497

funeral of Jane Seymour she appeared as chief mourner, and whilst, with her ladies, performing "lamentable vigils'' round the royal corpse, in Hampton Court Chapel, in murky November, she caught a severe cold ; and after suffering the torments of a terrible toothache, paid Nicholas Sampson, tbe King's surgeon, for drawing one of her teeth, three pounds ; an enormous fee, and only nine shillings and two-pence less than the sum paid to Master Francis, tbe physician, for attending Margaret of Anjou during a three months' perilous travail in 1444-5.* When the remains of Queen Jane were conveyed in solemn state from Hampton Court to Windsor, Mary rode behind tbe car on a steed trapped with black velvet. To the poor, who begged by the way-side, she distributed in alms thirty shillings; at St. George's Chapel, Windsor, she took part in the obsequies as chief mourner, paid for thirteen masses for the repose of the departed Queen's soul, gave to each of her cbamberers a sovereign, and made presents to the other officers of her household. Mary remained with her father at Greenwich till Christmas, when the court removed to Richmond, where she tarried till February, 1538, when she proceeded to Hanworth, giving four shillings and four pence in alms on the way, and paying seven shillings to pioneers to render tho road thither passable. In the summer of this year she paid several visits to Prince Edward, whose infancy at this period she watehed over with the care and fondness of a mother; and about the same time she took into ber service the beautiful Elizabeth Fitzgerald, celebrated in tbe tender, flowing verse of the gifted but unfortunate Surry, as the fair Geraldino. Continued domestic tranquillity was not to be the lot of Mary. The dissolution of the monasteries drove the monks from their homes, and led to fearful insurrections, which, as tho insurgents always coupled with their other requests a demand that Mary should be restored to her rank in the succession, at length so excited the jealousy of her father and * See page 274 1 his council, that her establishment was broken up in the autumn of this year. Whether her own conduct or the zeal of the papists brought this misfortune upon her, is a mystery; all that is known, being that from this period till the close of the year 1539 she lived in a state of severe restraint, bordering on captivity, at Hertford Castle, with her young sister Elizabeth. Meanwhile the Countess of Salisbury, Lord Montague, the Marquis und the Marchioness of Exeter, and other relations and friends of Reginald Pole, nowr cardinal, were arrested and all beheaded or utterly ruined, for no other crime than friendship to the cardinal, who, by supporting the just claim of Mary's mother, Katherine of Arragon, had deeply offended King Henry. The agony and dejection of Mary at this period, when the scaffold was recking with the blood of her truest and best-beloved friends, may be more easily conceived than detailed. To her it was another, a severe trial ; thanks to her good mother, she from infancy bad learned to bear misfortune with resignation, or doubtless her curdled blood would have boiled with indignation, and prompted her to, at all hazards, revenge the wholesale, the cruel execution of her many friends. This year Mary received forty pounds a quarter from her father; but towards Christmas lier finances became so low, that she WToteto Cromwell, and through him received from the King an additional one hundred pounds. From Cromwell she frequently received little presents, and for years, she had obtained her supplies through bis bands ; she took advice or a scolding from him in good part ; and how little she understood His character or intentions towards her, may be gathered from the subjoined epistle, which she evidently addressed to tbe crafty minister when she was at her father's court in 1538. " M Y LOHD, '1 After my most hearty commendations, because 1 cannot conveniently with niy mouth render unto you in presence those thanks for the great goodness I find in you daily that the same doth worthily

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