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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 451

admitted that his courtship with Katherine, when a girl, was carried on unknown to the Duchess, and that when the Duchess once saw him kiss her, she boxed his ears, beat her, and cave Mrs. Bulmer a slap on the face for sitting by: and permitting such conduct. When asked how he came to enter the Queen's household, he said that the Duchess had introduced him by the Queen's desire. The truth of this assertion has, however, been questioned, because Lady Howard deposed that one day, when she said to the Queen, " Derham is at court," her Grace answered, "I have been desired to be good to him by my Lady of Norfolk." By the council, it was deemed a matter of no great import how or by what means he had been introduced into the Queen's household, for the fact of his being there was by them viewed as presumptive evidence of her infidelity to the King. On the thirtieth of November, Derham and Culpepper were arraigned for high treason at Guildhall. No proofs of their having committed adultery with Katherine were brought against them ; but as the lord mayor and the other city functionaries were intimidated by the presence of the great state officers of the crown, neither law nor justice was regarded, and the unfortunate prisoners were condemned as traitors. As it was hoped additional information might be extorted from them respecting the guilt of the Queen, their lives were spared for ten days ; not out of mercy, but to torture them into making the desired confession. They, however, gave no new information. Perhaps they had none to give. But Derham's friend, Damport, after enduring the agony of having his teeth forced out, by a barbarous instrument, called the Breaks, made the insignificant confession, that Derham had once said to him, " If it were not for the King, I could make sure of Katherine Howard; but as he loves her, I dare not marry her till after his death." f inding it impossible to get more out of Culpepper -and Derham, the coun cil, by the King's desire, ordered that on the tenth of December, they should be drawn to Tyburn, where the former, out of respect to his family, should bo beheaded, and the latter hanged and quartered, as a traitor. Derham petitioned for mercy, but the prayer was sternly refused by Henry ; and he was butchered with all the revolting barbarity then generally inflicted on persons executed for treason. On the scaffold, both the unfortunate victims, to the jealousy or, perhaps, the policy of the merciless Henry the Eighth, protested their innocence of the crime for which they suffered, and on the day after their execution, their heads were placed on London Bridge. Meanwhile, the old Duchess of Norfolk fell sick, and the council, fearing she would die out of perversity, and so defraud the King of the confiscation of her property, advised that she and all the other parties accused of wilfully neglecting to inform Henry of Katherine's derelictions, should be immediately indicted of misprision of treason, thereby affording the parliament a reasonable pretext to confiscate the goods of any of them who should chance, before their attainder, to die. This thirst for plunder on the part of the King and his council was carried to such a shameful extent, that the houses of the Duchess of Norfolk, of Lady Bridgewater, of Lady Rochford, and ot Lord "William Howard, were all put under séquestration, and ransacked by Wriothesley and other members of the council, and their satellites, who took inventories of all the money, goods and other valuables. This done, the indictment of misprision of treason was issued against the Duchess of Norfolk, the Countess of Bridgewater, Lady Howard, Lady Rochford, Lord William Howard,* Damport, Manox, and most * Katherine's uncle. Her father, It appears, was dead ; his name, says Dngdale, is nowhere mentioned after the twelfth of Henry the Eighth. As the family of the Howards spread themselves into several branches, itmay bu well, toprevent confusion, to give a short genealogical sketch of that illustrions family. Sir Robert Howard {temp. Henry the Sixth) married Margaret, daughter and co-heiress to Thomas de Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, by whom he had John, ereatcd Duke of Norfolk, June twenty-eighth, first of Richard the Third, and slain after- F F

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