FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ.
Queens of England. Vol.1.
handes, and with princely countenaunce, lovyng behaviour and hartie wordes, embrascd echo other and so departed."
Foul weather detained Henry and
Anne at Calais till the fourteenth of November, when a favourable wind bore them and their suite across the channel to Dover in safety.
GIIÀ Ρ Τ E E V.
Anne's marriage with King Henry solemnized privately—Publicly celebrated—• Katherine of Arragon divorced by Cranmer—Amies gorgeous coronation—Her marriage opposed at home and abroad—Birth of the Princess Elizabeth—Fisher and More brought to the scaffold by Anne's malice—Herfirmadherence to
Catholic faith—Encouragement to the reading of the Bible in English—Patronage of Latimer—Liberality and devotion—Persecution of Katherine—Vain triumph at her death.
:(/ΏΗ.Ε next important
incident in Anne's
life, was her mar
riage to Henry. The
time and place of
this marriage is one
of the most disputed
points in history. Dover, Calais, Buckling Hall, and Sopevvell Nunnery have each been referred to as the spot of its celebration, whilst dates ranging from the middle of November, 1532, to the close of January, 1533, have been named as the period of its solemnization. The account, however, deemed the most reliable by all impartial writers is as follows :
Early in the morning of the twentyfifth of January, 1533, being St. Paul's day, Dr. Poland Lee received a prompt summons to celebrate mass, in an unfrequented room in the west turret of Whitehall. There he found the King, attended by Norris and Hencage, two of tbe grooms of the chamber, and Anne Boleyn, accompanied by her train bearer Anne Savage, afterwards Lady Berkley. At first he objected to solemnize the marriage of Henry and Anne, but his scruples were overcome by the promise of the bishopric of Lichfield, and the false assurance that the Pope had pronounced in the King's favour, and granted a dispensation for his second marriage.
As soon as the marriage ceremony bad been performed, the parties separated in silence before it was light, and the bride's brother, the Viscount lioehford, was despatched to announce the event in strict confidence to the King of France.
That the royal nuptials were performed on the above named day, and with profound secresy, is affirmed by a letter still extant, written by Cranmer to Ins friend Hawkins. After detailing the coronation, Cranmer proceeds, " .But nowe sir, you may nott ymagine that this eoronacion was before her marriage, for she was married much about Sainte Paulo*H daye laste as the condicion in which she is dothe weUshovv. Notwithstanding yt , hathbeen reported thorowte a great parte of the realme that I maried her, which is plainly false for I myselfe knew not thereof a fortnyght after it was donne." i Anne remained Henry's unacknow! lodged bride till her pregnancy became I visible, when on the twelfth of April, being Easter eve, the King acknowledged his marriage with her, gave orders that she should receive the honours due to the Queen Consort, and caused a proclamation to be issued for her coronation.
On the eighth of May, Cranmer pre
sided at the public tribunal at Dunstable,
which it was thought expedient to hold
on the former marriage. The proceed
ings terminated May the twenty-third,
when Cranmer pronounced not a divorce
but a sentence that the King's marriage
with Katherine, bad been and was a
nullity and invalid, having been con
tracted against the Divine law. Five
days after, he gave a judicial confirma
tion to Henry's union with Anne Boleyn.
Whilst these b arsh measures were being
enaetedagainst the unfortunate Katherine
of Arragon, the preparations for Anne'a
magnificent coronation were brought to a
close. Never before had the inauguration