FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ.
Queens of England. Vol.1.
no sooner made it, than, with the pcrverseness and resolute self-will which characterized his whole career, he resolved to break it, which so alarmed the King-, that, in 1506, he, to prevent the possibility of a clandestine union, forbade his son and Katherine to see each other, and treated the latter with unmerited severity.
However, as Joanna laboured under a derangement of intellect, which, although at first deemed transient, proved to be permanent, her marriage with the English monarch fell through.
Henry the Seventh died a widower, and Henry the Eighth, immediately after his accession, assured Euensalida, the Spanish ambassador, of bis sincere attachment to Katherine, and brought the question of their marriage immediately before the council, who unanimously assented to the union. Accordingly, on the eleventh of June, 1509, Katherine of Arragon was publicly married to Henry the Eighth, by the Archbishop of Canterbury, at Greenwich ; and as the Queen had not had intercourse with her former husband, she was married with the ceremonies appropriated to the nuptials of maids.
Previous to detailing their coronation,
and the subsequent rejoicings, it may be
well to remind the reader that Henry
mounted the throne under circumstances
highly favourable to his prosperity. He
had almost completed his eighteenth
year ; he was handsome in person and
generous in disposition. In him were
reconciled the opposing factions of York
and Lancaster. He had received an
education superior to what was then
usually bestowed on princes ; he spoke
and wrote French and Latin, and was
addicted to the study of theology. He
loved music, played on several instru
ments, and was even occasionally a com
poser. He danced with ease and grace;
was adroit in hunting, hawking, and
shooting ; but, above all, "he jousted with also. The streets were railed and barred skill ; and to excel in this martial exeron the ono side from over against Grace cise, was at once to announce pretensions Church into Bread Street, in Cheap, to strength and courage, to emulate the where every occupation stood in their deeds of departed heroes, and to challiveries in order, beginning with the lenge by anticipation the honours of mibase and mean occupations, and so aslitary fame. To enhance the value of cending to the worshipful crafts highest ;
these advantages, his vices were not sufficiently developed to excite alarm ; and by his marriage with Katherine, he gave to the nation a Queen, lovely in person and mind, of exemplary prudence and virtue, and truly gentle and feminine in her manners. Her unaffected piety and benevolence had already endeared Katherine to the people ; and as, like Henry, who was passionately devoted to Thomas Aquinas, she possessed considerable learning, she cordially cooperated in his liberal patronage of literature. Six years of seniority had rather increased than diminished her attractions ; nor can it be doubted that, during the early part of her marriage, she held an undivided empire in her husband's heart. It wa9, therefore, with a natural and amiable pride that Henry associated her in his coronation, of which the chronicler Hall has left the following lively picture :—
" On the twenty-first of June, the
King came from Greenwich to the
Tower, over London Bridge, and so by
Grace Church, with whom came many
and well-apparelled gentlemen, but espe
cially the Duke of Buckingham, who
had on a gown all of goldsmiths' work,
very costly—and there the King rested
till Saturday next ensuing.
" Friday, the twenty-second of June,
everything being in readiness for his co
ronation, his Grace, with the Queen,
being in the Tower of London, made
there Knights of the Bath, to the num
ber of twenty and four, with all the
observances and ceremonies to the same
l And the morrow following, his Grace
with the Queen departed from the Tower
through the city of London, against
whose coming the streets where his
Grace should pass were hung with ta
pestry and cloth of arras, and the great
part of the south side of Cheap with
cloth of gold, and some part of Cornhill