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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 313

messenger had departed, he caused, in all haste, ail his servants to be called up, and so, with his own household about him, and every man weaponed, he took the great seal with him, and came yet before day unto the Queen, about whom he found much heaviness, rumble, haste, and business, carriage and conveyance of her stuff into sanctuary, chests, coffers, packs, fardels, trussed all on men's backs; no man unoccupied ; some coming, some going, some discharging, and some carrying more than they ought the wrong way. " The Queen herself sat alone, low on tho rushes, all desolate and dismayed, whom the Archbishop comforted in the best manner he could, shewing her that he trusted the matter was nothing so sore as she took it for, and that he was put in good hope and out of fear by the message sent him from the Lord Chamberlain. ' Ah ! woe worth him,' quoth she, ' for he is one of them that laboureth to destroy me and my blood.' " ' Madam,' answered the Archbishop, 'be of good cheer, for I assure you if they crown any other King than your son, whom they now have with them, we shall on the morrow crown his brother, whom you have here with you ; and here is the great seal, which in likewise as that noble Prince, your husband, delivered it to me, so here I deliver it to you, to the use and behalf of your son ;' and therewith he took her the great seal, and departed home again ; yet in the dawning of dav, and when he opened his chamber window, he saw that the Thames was covered with boats full of Gloucester's servants, watching that no one should pass to or from the sanctuary unsearched." The Archbishop, says Sir Thomas More, afterwards repented of his hasty conduct, and prevailed upon Elizabeth to return the great seal, But Gloucester never forgave him for surrendering it. On the fourth of May, 1483, the day appointed for his coronation, Edward the Fifth was brought to London in great state by his false uncle, Gloucester, who lodged him in the Bishop of Ely's palace, close to Ilatton Garden; but a few days afterwards, on the motion of the Duke of Buckingham, he was removed to the royal apartments in the Tower. After being declared Protector of the kingdom, the next step of the monster Gloucester was to gain possession of the King's brother, Prince Itichard. With this view a council was held in the Star-chamber, where, after a stormy debate, it was decided that children could not claim the privilege of the sanctuary, and that Gloucester, if he pleased, could possess himself of the King's brother by force. But as the clergy objected that force should be used, the Archbishop of Canterbury, at the head of a deputation of lords, proceeded to the disconsolate Elizabeth, to first try the influence of persuasion. The Archbishop assured the Queen that the King was pining for the company of his brother as a play-mate, and that the Protector, to shield him from the malice of his enemies, wished to take him under his own especial charge. "Troweth the Protector," answered Elizabeth, " I pray God he may prove a Protector—that it is not honourable for the duke to abide here ? It were comfortable for them both that he were with his brother, because the King lackcth a play-fellow be ye sure ? I pray God send them both better play-fellows than him that maketh so high a matter upon such a trifling pretext ; can no one be found to play with the King without his brother, who is too ill to play, being taken out of sanctuary, as though Princes as young as they could not play but with their peers, or children could not play but with their kindred,with whom they commonly agree much worse than with strangers? Besides, I fear to put my son in tho hands of him who already hath his brother, and who, if they both die, would inherit the throne." The Archbish op replied, that he should say no more on the matter. If she would deliver the Prince to him and the other peers present, he would pledge his body and soul for the child's surety and estate, or if she would give them a positive refusal, the deputation would at once depart, for she evidently thought they lacked either wit or truth. Wit, if they were so dull as not to perceive the Pro

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