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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 259

Breton nobles again into favour. Towards Clisson, Joanna entertained no animosity, she therefore urged the duke so effectually that he raised the siege, and on Clisson agreeing to pay ten thousand gold francs, made peace with him and his confederates, who, in return, Fifth. This union was, however, prevented by the intrigues of France, and Mary of Brittany was subsequently married to John of Alencon. The marriage was solemnized in 1396, in which year the heir of Brittany was espoused to Joanna of France with great splendour at Bworc fidelity to the duke, the duchess,!I the Hotel do St. Pol. and their heirs. This treaty of peace was concluded in 1393 at Nantes, and being broken shortly afterwards, the duchy was again desolated by war. In 1394, a marriage was proposed between the heir of Brittany and Joanna, the fourth daughter of the King of France, and shortly afterwards Joanna's daughter, Mary, was contracted to the Prince of Wales, afterwards Henry the It was in 1398, that John the Valiant visited England, and after doing homage to Richard the Second for his English possession, the Earldom of Richmond, gave him a receipt in full for all his debts to him : the English king gave the duke a similar acquittance, entertained him with great magnificence at Windsor, and on his departure presented him with a richly wrought golden circlet. CHAPTER II, Joanna's first intervieto with Henry of Lancaster—Her husband furnishes Henry with ships and men for his invasion of England—Death and burial of the Duke of Brittany—He names Joanna Regent during their son's minority—Inauguration of Duke John—Henry of Lancaster ascends the throne of England—He makes overtures of marriage to Joanna—She entreats the Rope—Is betrothed and married to Henry the Fourth—Her coronation—She endeavours to make peace between England and Brittany—Failure of her efforts—Her unpopularity—Her foreign attendants dismissed—Her dower and revenues—Her dress and the King's, \ HE troubles in Eng • land now attracted the serious attention l/VJi^i-iH -"ΓΓΪΛ;*)f the continental 0 courts of Europe, and led to the first interview between Joanna of Navarre and her second husband, Henry of Lancaster. When banished from England Henry took up his residence in Paris, where he was hospitably entertained by the French king, Charles. About December, 1399, he offered his hand to Marie, a daughter of the Duke of Berri. The jealousy of Richard the Second took alarm, and the Earl of Salisbury hastened to Paris, pronounced Henry an English traitor, prevented the match, and prevailed on the French king to order him to withdraw from Paris, At this juncture Lancaster received intelligence that King Richard was in Ireland quelling a civil war, and that his English friend only awaited his arrival to receive the standard of revolt. He therefore determined to return to England, and, to elude the suspicions of the French ministers, procured permission to visit the Duke of Brittany. By John the Valiant and his Duchess Lancaster was cordially welcomed and honourably and magnificently entertained. When he departed, he praised the beauty and accomplishments of Joanna, presented her with several valuable jewels, and placed in her bosom a sprig of that ancient emblematic flower the myosotis arvensis, or forget-me-not. Little did the Duke John dream when he fitted out Lancaster with three ships full of cross-bow men and men-at-arms to proceed on his venturous invasion of England, that before the close of the year he would be numbered with the dead, that the crown of England would be worn by Lancaster, and that that

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