FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ.
Queens of England. Vol.1.
" The King, in tears, answered In beauty bright, religious faith,
" 'Madam, Ï grant you all your desire.'
To all and each most kind. A fruitful mother Philippa was,
"Then the good Queen made the sign of Full many a son she bred, the cross upon her, and commended the And brought forth many a worthy knight, King her husband to God, and her Hardy and full of dread.
A careful nurse to students all.
youngest son Thomas, who was then be
At Oxford she did found
side Tier; and, in fervent prayer, gave
Queen's College,* and Dame Pallas' school, up her spirit, which, I surely believe, That did her fame resound. was caught by holy angels and carried, Learn to live 1" with joy up into heaven, for, both in
Philippa was the mother of twelve thought and deed, she was a holy and children, and of these, five sons and foui virtuous lady."
daughters attained to maturity. Al
Tims died the good Philippa of though tall, stalwart, and well-proporIlainault, on the fifteenth of August, 1369. tioned, scarcely one of Philippa's sons The news of her death filled the land lived to old age. Edward, named from with mourning ; and when the sad the colour of his armour the Black tidings was conveyed to the English Prince, was created Prince of Wales, army at Tourneham, " every creature was Duke of Aquitaine and Cornwall, and greatly afflicted and sorely sorrowful." Earl of Chester. He was also Earl of In compliance with her desire, she was Kent in right of his wife, the fair interred with magnificent funeral rites Joanna, daughter of Edmund, Earl of in Westminster Abbey. The King and Kent, brother to Edward the Second. her two youngest sons followed her to Joanna had been twice previously marher grave, which is not, as she had ried, first to the Earl of Salisbury, from wished, by the side of her husband's, but whom she was divorced, and next to the at his feet. The beautiful ultar-tomb Lord Thomas Holland, who, dying, left of black marble, with delicate alabaster her a widow, By the Black Prince she tabernacles, formerly enclosing eight had two sons : Edward, who died in his angels, and which still points out in the seventh year, and Richard, who, on the Confessor's Chapel where the remains of death of Edward the Third, ascended Queen Philippa repose, was sculptured the throne of England. The Black by John Orchard, stone-mason of LonPrince died at Canterbury, on the eighth don ; and the effigy which surmounts of June, 1376, and was buried in the cathe tomb, and which, as a work of art, thedral, where his tomb maystillbeseen. is considered to rank high, was the work of Haw kin Liege, a Flemish sculptor, Lionel of Hatfield, Duko of Clarence, who was paid two hundred marks for it. ended his days in Italy, and left only a
daughter named Philippa, by his first
On a tablet near to the tomb are some wife, Elizabeth de Burgh. Like all the Latin verses, with the following translasons of Queen Philippa, he was a famous tion made by Skelton :— warrior.
John of Gaunt, the renowned Duke
"Faire Philippa, "William Tlainault's child
of Lancaster, was three times married.
And younger daughter deare, Of roseate hue and beauty bright,
By his first wife, Blanch, daughter of In tomb lies hilled here. Henry, Duke of Lancaster, he had a Edward III., through mother's will
I son Henry, who became King of Eng
And nobles' good consent,
Took her to wife, and joyfully land, under the title of Henry the With her his time he spent. I Fourth, and two daughters : Philippa,
Her brother John, a martial man,
wife of John the First, King of Por
And eke a valiant knight,
Did link this woman to this king, tugal, and Elizabeth, married to the In bonds of marriage tight. Earl of Huntingdon. His second wife, This match and marriage thug in blood Did bind the Flemings sure To Englishmen, by which they did
* This Ï 3 an error : Queen's College, Oxford, The Frenchmen's wracke procure. was not by Philippa, but by her
This Philippaflowered in gifts full rare,
worthy chaplain, Robert de Eglesfield, who And treasures of the mind,
modestly placed it under her protection, and named it the College of the Queen.