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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 160

and he afterwards, by deeds of arms, chiefly in the Scotch war, proved himself well worthy of the honour to which bis gallantry and masculine beauty had BO fortunately exalted him. By her second marriage Joanna had two children, Mary and Thomas ; the former entered the world in 1299, the latter in 1301. Joanna wasa fond wife, but a thoughtless, neglectful parent. She lived on terms of great amity writh her step-mother, Queen Margaret of France ; and although in temper wild, fitful, and hot, she was sincere and open-hearted to her equals, generous and kind to her inferiors, and forgiving to her enemies. Her death took place rather suddenly, at Clare, in Gloucester, on the twenty-third of April, 1307- Her gorgeous funeral was attended by the King and all the leading nobles and prelates of the land. And to the Augustine Priory of Clare, where her remains were interred, her affectionate father made presents for the performance of masses and orisons for her soul. The next in order of the surviving daughters of King Edward's first consort is the Princess Margaret. This Princess, after her marriage with the Duke of Brabant, proceeded with her husband to his native land, where she resided principally at Brussels, and lived in comfort and affluence. In 1300, she gave birth to her only child, a son and heir, This event appears to have highly gratified the English court, as the bearer of the glad tidings received a present of one hundred marks from, the King,fifty from the Queen, and forty from Prince Edward. After being a widow for about six years, Margaret died in 1318. Her remains were interred, with becoming solemnity, by the side of her husband, in the church of St. Gudule, in Brussels. Mary, the Nun Princess, led a gay life, making merry pilgrimages hither and thither throughout the land. After the death of her mother, she became strongly attached to her father's second consort, Margaret of France. Her general conduct, however, reflected but little credit on the holy sisterhood to which she belonged. One of her kindest acts was the undertaking the charge of her half-sister Eleanora, who, when little more than two years old, was sent to Ambersbury Convent. In 1236, Mary prevailed on Isabella, the wife of Edward the Second, to make a pilgrimage with her to the shrine of Thomas à Becket, at Canterbury. These Canterbury pilgrims, however, had no notion of travelling with bare feet, or in coarse apparel—pleasure, and pleasure only, was their object ; they, accordingly, undertook the journey with chariots, litters, more than a hundred horses, waggons for the conveyance of domestic utensils, a good store of edibles, and liquors to cheer the heart, and a numerous train of attendants. Wherever they halted on the road, they made offerings of cloth of gold, wax, and other costly articles, with which they had provided themselves ; but the most costly of their offerings was made at the shrine of the sainted Becket. The journey occupied about two months, and, to cheer them on the road, which in some parts was wild and desolate enough, they had in their train several merry minstrels, whose blithe songs and jocund performances greatly amused and delighted them. The Nun Princess, after outliving all her brothers and sisters, died about the year 1233, and was entombed in the church of the Convent of Ambersbury. This edifice, which, in the middle ages, was the home of more than one of the royal daughters of England, has, by the heavy hand of Time, been reduced to a mouldering ruin— " Where owlets repose, The wallflower blows, And the mantling ivy creeps, O'er the crumbling walls; Where the viper crawls, And the toad in his dank cell sleeps." Elizabeth, the last in order of the surviving daughters of Eleanora of Castile, after passing her infancy and girlhood for the most part in the company of her brother, Prince Edward, who, being the sole male heir to the English throne, was permitted to have a private establishment, and roam through the country wherever he pleased, was married to John, Count of Holland, in the Priory Church of Ipswich, in December 1297.

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