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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 110

Eleanora, ceremoniously delivered to the embassy. On her journey to England, the royal bride was attended by a magnificent train of nobles and knights, including her uncle, the Bishop of Valentia, and the Count of Champagne. Thibaut tho Seventh, the poet King of Navarre, whose songs arc still remembered with fondness in the province over which he bore sway, attended her in person as a guide, whilst she and her company passed through his dominions. The journey occupied five days, and although the retinue consisted of more than three hundred horsemen, besides a bevy of ladies, and a host of minstrels, jongleurs, and other more humble followers, he generously feasted them right royally, and himself paid all the expenses. At the French frontier she was hospitably welcomed by St. Louis and his consort, her sister Marguerite, and the French Queen Dowager. After passing through France, she embarked at Wissant, and making a speedy passage, safely arrived at Dover, whence she and her stately train proceeded to Canterbury, where, on the fourth of January, 1236, she was married to Flenry the Third, by St. Edmund, Archbishop of Canterbury, assisted by the bishops who had accompanied her. Immediately after their marriage, the royal party proceeded to London with great pomp, when, on Sunday, the twentieth of January, it being the feast of St. Fabian and St. Sebastian, the coronation of the Queen was solemnized, with extraordinary splendour, at Westminster Abbey. Previous to the perforai ance of the magnificent ceremony, King Henry, with the taste of an artist and the affection of a lover, caused the palace at Westminster to be improved and beautified for the reception of his charming bride. The Queen's chamber was decorated with historical paintings and ornate wTorks of art, whilst both the King's chamber and wardrobe were painted in imitation of green curtains, emblazoned with elegant devices, and rich borders. Nor were the good Londoners backward in demonstrations of loyalty to the young Queen. After cleansing their thoroughfares from mud, dirt, sticks, and everything offensive—a purification which, difficult as it might he to effect in those days, when sewers were unknown, must, in a sanitary sense, have proved a blessing to the inhabitants— they adorned their city with banners, hangings, candles, lamps, marvellous devices, and unheard-of costly pageantry, on which Eleanor, as she passed by, gazed with astonishment and delight. At one spot, where the display was remarkably profuse and gorgeous, the young Queen paused, and, after feasting her dazzled eyes, exclaimed : " Oh, London, thou art indeed the world's centre of riches and greatness !" On the coronation day, not a citizen was within his house ; every street and lane was crowded with gay, countless throngs ; and there was assembled such a host of nobles of both sexes, such numbers of ecclesiastics, and such a variety of minstrels and players, that London, with its capacious bosom, could scarcely contain them. The citizens of London performed the duties of butler to the King—an office acknowledged to belong to them of ancient right—at the coronation. Mounted on swift horses, to the number of three hundred and sixty, they rode forth to accompany Henry and his consort from the Tower to Westminster. Dressed in silken garments, with long graceful mantles, skilfully worked in gold, their hoTses trapped with glittering new spurs and costly saddles, they moved in procession, such as London had never before witnessed, each rider bearing in his hand a skilfully-wrought cup of gold or silver for the king's use. Thus arrayed, with the king's trumpeters sounding martial music before them, they proceeded to the coronation banquet, where they served the noble company with wine. The duty of crowning was performed by the Archbishop of Canterbury, with the usual solemnities, assisted by the Bishop of London, and the other bishops, who took their station according to their ranks. The coronation procession was magnificent. The King, clad in royal

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