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Roger De Hoveden The Annals vol.1., From A.D. 732 To A.D. 1180.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.1., From A.D. 732 To A.D. 1180.
page 565

What those are to pay to the king and the dean who infringe upon the king's protection. " Protection given under the king's hand, that given on the first eight days from the time of his coronation, protection on the before-named festivals, and protection by the king's letters, have one mode of redress [for breach thereof), which is to be taken cognizance of in the highest court of justice, held in the shire in which the peace has been broken, as for example, in places subject to the Danish law,95 the eighteen hundreds pay the penalty, the amount of which is one hundred and forty-four pounds ; as the Danes assessed the penalty paid by each hundred9 6 at eight pounds Norwegian, and eight multiplied by eighteen makes one hundred and forty-four. And this, not without a reason.9' Por of these eight pounds the king had one hundred shillings, and the earl of the county, who had every third penny of fines, fifty shillings. The dean of the bishop, in whose deanery the peace had been broken, had the remaining ten, besides the king's protection, if the protection had been originally granted under the king's hand, or on his coronation, or on the festivals before-mentioned of the Nativit}r, Easter, or Pentecost. Of the supervision of th>se wiw disregarded tltese laws. "A s it happened that some foolish and dishonest people, without reason, and too frequently, did injuries to their neighbours, the wiser persons began to take cognizance of the matter, and appointed justices over every ten frithborgs, whom we may call ' deciners.' These, in.English, were called ' tienheofod,' that is, ' heads of ten.' They took cognizance of matters between the vills and their neighbours, exacted fines for offences committed, and made parties come to terms, about such things as pasturage, meadows, harvests, disputes between neighbours, and innumerable questions of that nature, which harass human frailty, and are everlastingly attacking it. When, however, greater matters of dispute arose, they referred them to their superior judges, whom the wise men before-mentioned had appointed over them, that is to say, over the ten deciners, and 9 5 Denelega. * On this contribution to the penalty by sections of eighteen hundreds, where subject to Danelege, see pp. 546 and 557. a ! The text does not seem to disclose it.

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