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Roger De Hoveden The Annals vol.1., From A.D. 732 To A.D. 1180.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.1., From A.D. 732 To A.D. 1180.
page 562

the best men of each of those frithborgs, if he could find them, after which, himself being the twelfth, he would purge himself and his own frithborg of the offence, if he could, and of the eseape of the said malefactor. If he could not do this, then he and his frithborg were to make good the loss out of the property of the malefactor so far as it would go, and on that falling short, make up the amount from the property of himself and his frithborg, and so account to the justice for the amount legally adjudicated against them. Then last of all the nine would swear by themselves that they had been unable to make satisfaction therein according to their oath, by means of the three nearest frithborgs, and that they would in nowise be guilty thereof, and that if they should ever be able to capture him, they would bring him to the justice, or inform the justice where he was. That all persons are to establish Frithborgs for their servants and dependants. " Archbishops, bishops, earls, and barons, are also to have their own knights and yeomen, their sewers, butlers, chamberlains, cooks, and bakers, each in his own frithborg. They are also to have their own esquires, or other servants, each in his own frithborg. And if these persons shall commit an offence against any man, and a charge shall be made by the neighbours against them, they are to compel them to make redress in their own eourts ; that is to say, those who have the right of sac, and soc, and thol, and them, and infangthefe. " Sac, is when any person charges another byname with any offence and he denies it ; on which the fine levied on proof or disproof thereof, if there is one, belongs to the lord. " Soe, is when any person searches for anything on his lands, ire which case, even though it be stolen it belongs to him, whether found or not. "Thol, which we call 'Tholonium,' is the privilege of him who has the right of buying and selling on his own lands. " Them, is where any person la}-s claim to property in the hands of another, in which ease the party so challenged shall produce his warranty,82 and if not, he shall be fined, and the penalty shall go to the lord ; and similar justice shall be dealt to him who makes the charge, if he shall fail in his proof. » The seller.

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