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Roger De Hoveden The Annals vol.1., From A.D. 732 To A.D. 1180.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.1., From A.D. 732 To A.D. 1180.
page 554

•be made against him before the king after the expiration of forty days, and the king's justice shall exact of him surety and pledges, if he can give the same, until he shall have made satisfaction, first to God, and then to the king. And if for one-andthirty days he shall not be able to be found, either by his friends and acquaintances, or by the king's justice, then the king shall outlaw him by the word of his mouth. And if he shall afterwards be found, and can be taken, he is to be delivered alive to the king, and if he defends himself, then his head. For from the day of his outlawry he has the head of a wolf; which in the English language is called ' Wulvesheofod.'6 8 And this is the common and universal law as to all outlaws. Of the Tithes of the Church. " Of all yearly produce of the earth the tenth sheaf is due to God, and ought therefore to be paid to Him. If any person has I a stud of mares, he is to give the tenth foal : he who has only one »or two, is for each foal to pay one penny. In the same manner, (•he who has a number of cows is to give the tenth calf ; if only kone or two, ho is to pay for each calf one penny. He also who Intakes cheese is to give the tenth thereof to God, and if he jdoes not make it, then he is to give the milk every tenth day. pin like manner, the tenth lamb, the tenth fleece, the tenth of [the butter, and the tenth sucking-pig is to be given. Of small Titltes. " In like manner, as to the tenths of the profits of bees. Moreover, out of forests, meadows, waters, mills, parks, preserves, fisheries, shrubberies, gardens, merchandize, and all other things which the Lord has given, the tenth part is to be •restored to Him who has bestowed the other nine parts to-Retfcer with the tenth. The person who withholds the same Imust be compelled to make payment thereof by judgment of the bishop, and of the king, if necessary. For thus did Saint jAugustin teach, and these things were conceded by the king, the barons, and the people. But since then, by the instigation pf the devil, many have withheld the same, and rich priests, becoming negligent, have not taken care to undergo the trouble p f seeking them, because they had sufficient necessaries for the 8 9 Also called " Wolfesliead," or " Wolferheued." This state of outawry was so called, from its resemblance to that of the wolves which in-' ested England, for whose heads a reward was offered.

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