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Roger De Hoveden The Annals vol.1., From A.D. 732 To A.D. 1180.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.1., From A.D. 732 To A.D. 1180.
page 165

pope holding a council, according to the decrees of Saint Peter the Apostle, and of Saint Clement and other holy fathers, by edict forbade the clergy, and especially those consecrated to the divine mysteries,58 to have wives, or to cohabit with women, except such as the Nicene synod or other canons excepted. He also decreed that, in conformity with the sentence of Simon Peter, not only the buyer and seller of any office, such for instance as that of bishop, abbat, prior, dean, or titheman of a church, but whoever abetted them, should receive the condemnation of Simon Magus.59 For the Lord hath said, " Freely have ye received, freely give." Three poor monks being sent by thè Divine Spirit from the province of the Mercians, that is to say, from Evesham, came to York, in the province of the Northumbrians, and requested Hugh FitzBaldrie, who at that time held the shrievalty, to provide them with a guide on their journey, as far as the place which is called Munkeceastre,60 that is to say, the " city of the monks," which place is now called New-castle. Being escorted thither, and having staid there for some time, on finding there no ancient vestige of the servants of Christ they removed to Jarrow, where, the ruins hardly disclosing what it had been in ancient times, there were to be seen many monastic edifices with half-ruined churches ; here they were received with the greatest kindness by bishop "Waleher, who supplied them with all necessaries. Aldwin was the chief of them, both by reason of age and his exemplary manners, while Elfwine was the second, and Eemifrid the third ; by these three persons, three mon-asteries were refounded in the province of the Northum-brians ; one at Durham, near the hallowed and incorruptible body of the father Cuthbert, in honor of the holy Virgin Mary ; another at York, in honor of the same Mary, the mother of God, where this noble monastery, on its foundation, had for its first abbat Stephen, its second Bichard, its third Geoffrey, the fourth being the present dignitary, Severinus. The third of these monasteries was restored at a place which was formerly called Streinsehalh, that is to say, "the bay of the sea," and is now called "Withebi ;61 of which Benedict is the present abbat. Of late years, after the most dreadful devastations of the 58 Those in priests' orders. 59 As being guilty of simony 60 The Saxon name of Newcastle-on-Tyne. 61 Whitby, in Yorkshire. 154 ANNALS OF EOGEK ΓΕ HOVEDEN. A.0. 1074.

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