PELAGIUS, a Briton, his heresy, i. 10,17,21 ; an epistle of John, Pope elect, against him, ii. 19. He was bom in Wales, and his British name was Morgan ; he is said by most of our writers since Bede, to have been a monk, and abbot of Bangor; be was a man of learning, and wrote several valuable books before his heresy. His tenets are to be seen in St. August, de Gest. Palæstin. c. 11, et de Peccat. Orig. c. 11. PENDA, becomes king of Merda in 633 ; helps Cadwalla against Edwin, ii. 20 ; deprives Coinwalch, king of Sussex, of his kingdom, iii. 7 ; ravages Northumberland, iii. 15 ; besieges Bamborough, iii. 17 ; slays Sigebert, Egric and Anna, iii. 18 ; himself is slain by Oswy, A.D. 655, iii. 24. Alfrid, Oswy's son, married Cyneberga, Penda's daughter. PENTE, a river in East Anglia, on whose banks is Ithancestir, iii. 22. PERRONNE, in Gaul, where Fursey's body was kept, iii. 19. PETER, ST., reproves Laurentius, ii. 6; his church at York, ii. 14; at Bamborough, iii. 6 ; at Litchfield, iv. 3 ; the monastery at Were-mouth dedicated to him, iv. 18. PETER, ST., and ST. PAUL, their church and monastery at Canterbury, i. 33, ii. 3 ; their relics, iii. 29 ; their monastery at Weremouth and Jarrow, v. 24. PETER, a deacon of Gregory, ii. 1. PETER, a monk sent by Augustine to Gregory, i. 27 ; abbot of the monastery of St. Peter and St. Paul, at Canterbury, sent ambassador to Gaul, drowned at Amfiete, and buried at Bononia, i. 33. (See Acta Sanct. 1 Jan. p. 334 ; and Mabillon's Acta Sane. Ord. Ben. ii.1) PHOCAS, or FOCAS, Emperor, i. 34 ; converts the Pantheon into a church of the Virgin Mary and all the Martyrs, i. 32. PICTS, their origin, &c, i. 1, 3, 4,12 ; they attack the Britons, i. 12 ; subdued by Oswy, ii. 4 ; are converted ; their mode of observing Easter, iii. 4 ; they are subject to the see of York in the time of Wilfrid, iv. 3 ; their province subject to the Angles, iv. 12 ; attacked by Egfrid, they recover their freedom, iv. 26 ; their condition when Bede closed his History, v. 23. PICTS. The origin of this people is involved in obscurity. In the present day it would be ridiculous to quote the opinions of persons, who, living a thousand years after the period in question, have attempted to pass off as authentic, visionary notions of their descent from the Scythians, Agathyrsi and others. Such romancers were Hector Boethius and others. (See Usher's Pri-mordia, xy.; Chalmers's Caledonia, i. p. 198; and Pinkerton's Enquiry, iii. ch. 3.) PUGH, an earl who lived near Inderawood, whose wife Bishop John cured with holy water, v. 4. PUTTA, bishop of Rochester, skilled in the Roman mode of singing, iv. 2 ; is present at the council of Hertford, iv. 5 ; his church being destroyed by Ethelred, he receives another see from Sexwulf, teaches church-music, and dies in peace, iv. 12. QUENTAVIC, a port of Gaul, from which Theodore sailed for Britain, iv. 1. QUOENBURGA, see COENBERGA. RACULF, the monastery, its situation, v. 8. RATHBED, king of Friesland, to whom Wictbert preaches, v. 9 ; expelled by Pepin, v. 10. RATHMELSIGI, a monastery in Ireland, where Egbert lived, iii. 27 ; now Melfont. (See Acta Sanct. Mart. torn. ii. 551, 561, 562.) REDFRID, a nobleman of the court of Egbert, sent to Gaul to receive Theodore, iv. 1. REDWALD, king of East Anglia, fourth emperor of the Southern Britons, ii. 5; slays Ethelfrid and elevates Edwin to the throne, ii. 12; father of Earpwald, ii. 15. REGENHERE, son of Redwald, slain in battle, ii. 12. RENDLESHAM, on the Debin, in Suffolk, the royal village of the East Angles ; Cedd baptized Suidhelm there, iii. 22. REODFORD, or REUTFORD, the monastery of Abbot Cynebcrt, in the country of the Jutes, iv. 16. Camden thinks Reodford is Redbridge. REDDA, led the first Scots who migrated from Ireland to Scotland, i. 1. He is thought to have been the chief of the sons of the king of Ulster, who, as Giraldus Cambrensis says, came into the northern parts of Britain with a large fleet, and there settled. RHINE, crossed by the barbarians, i. 11 ; the bodies of the Hewalds thrown into it, v. 10 ; Suidbert's monastery on an island in it, v. 11. RICHBERT, by whom Earpwald was slain, ii. 15. RICHBOROUGH (Rutubi pontus), i. 1. RICULA, sister of Ethelbert, ii. 3. RIPON (Inrhipum), given by Alfrid to the Scots, and then to Wilfrid, iii. 25 ; it has Eadhed for its bishop, iv. 12 ; the burying-plaee of Wilfrid, v. 19. ROCHESTER (Rhofoescestir), the see of Justus ; its church dedicated to St. Andrew, ii. 3 ; Paulinus, its bishop, ii. 10 ; buried there, iii. 14 ; the succession of bishops from Paulinus to Tobias, iii. 20, iv. 5, 12, v. 8 ; ravaged by Ethelred of Mercia, iv. 12. ROMANS cease to rule in Britain, ill; they return with aid, and build a stone wall, iii. 2; they bid farewell to Britain, i. 12. ROMANUS, bishop of Rochester after Justus, ii. 8 ; drowned, ii. 20. ROMANUS, a priest of Eanfleda, is present at the synod of Whitby, iii. 25. ROME sacked by the Goths, i. 11. RONAN, a Scot, and defender of the Catholic Easter, iii. 25. RUFINIANUS, Sent by Gregory to St. Augustine, i. 29. RUGINI, the, v. 9. SABERT, king of Essex, grandson of Ethelbert, ii. 3 ; called Saba by his sons, who after his death turn again to idolatry, ii. 5. SARACENS invade Gaul, v. 23. SARANUS, a Scot, abbot of Othna Moire, one of those to whom Pope John sends letters, ii. 19.